By Rumu Sarkar Ph.D.
This identify offers a brand new and unique framework for research of worldwide terrorism, so that it will figuring out and resolving Islamic-based, fundamentalist jihadism.
• contains graphs and charts
• presents a map of Islam in Africa
Read Online or Download A Fearful Symmetry: The New Soldier in the Age of Asymmetric Conflict (Praeger Security International) PDF
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Additional resources for A Fearful Symmetry: The New Soldier in the Age of Asymmetric Conflict (Praeger Security International)
31 Thus, there is a disconcerting spectrum of weak, fragile, failing, failed, and collapsed states. What is the internal dynamic that makes a weak state become a fragile one? Why does a failing state actually fail or even collapse? 32 In contrast, why does Indonesia, a weak state, continue to weather tsunamis, secessions, corruption, and ethnic strife? This complex alchemy lies outside the scope of this writing, but it forms the backdrop of what may be creating the maelstrom giving rise to fundamentalist Islamic-based terrorism.
The utility of this type of arrangement remains open to question because the underlying sources of the conflict are not addressed in this situation. The seventh option is to support one of the sides in the conflict with the hope that it ultimately prevails—a tactic used extensively in the proxy wars of the Cold War which often led to uneven and politically unsustainable results. ) Further, CSIS urges that the term ‘‘post-conflict reconstruction’’ be used in lieu of ‘‘nation-building’’ for several reasons.
These ‘‘terrorist groups’’ have now formed political parties, and their respective political platforms of using terrorism to achieve their political goals have been legitimized through an electoral process. Both parties are now parliamentary members of their respective countries. S. government)1 have used parliamentary elections, for example, as a new and sophisticated means by which to acquire political power. In other words, terrorist means have been used to accomplish political ends. If the failure of ideology on a worldwide scale in the past century has led to the superficial ascendancy of Western-based institutions, the failure of ideology in the Arab world in the post–World War II pursuit of modernity has been perhaps even more painful and has not led to the same result.