A Systemic-Structural Theory of Activity: Applications to by Gregory Bedny, Waldemar Karwowski

By Gregory Bedny, Waldemar Karwowski

The final a number of many years have tested dramatic technological adjustments that effect paintings stipulations in all utilized domain names, together with production, transportation, and human-computer interactions. those adjustments require new techniques to the research of human functionality. job idea, particularly has turn into more and more well-liked by those that research human paintings dynamics.

A Systemic-Structural thought of job: functions to Human functionality and paintings layout discusses normal task conception (AT) and introduces systematic structural job conception (SSAT) and its purposes to the research of human paintings.

The ebook comprises a number of functional examples of systemic-structural thought of task analyses, together with a examine of creation operations within the production atmosphere, procedure safeguard assessment, paintings development, apparatus layout, and robotic approach functionality. It additionally offers examples of the layout of human/computer interplay projects, education, potency, paintings motivation, fatigue, character, and person kind of functionality.

This booklet addresses the vast viewers of psychologists operating in fields resembling Industrial/Organizational Psychology, Experimental, and Cognitive Psychology. it may well even be of use to desktop technological know-how experts and different pros who learn human paintings job and education.

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The opposite of the internalization process is the externalization process. Externalization is the transition of internal mental actions into the external plane. The processes of externalization and internalization demonstrate that mental or cognitive activity is tightly interconnected with external object-practical activity BEDNY: “9764_c001” — 2006/6/22 — 14:23 — page 29 — #29 30 A Systemic-Structural Theory of Activity and that these two types of activity must be considered in unity. A more detailed discussion of this process is presented in the following sections.

Motivegoals create a vector that lends goal-directed activity its directness. Methods of task performance are determined not only by the goal but also by conditions in which the goal is presented. An analysis of the data gathered in psychology finds four approaches to understand the goal (Tikhomirov, 1984): 1. The goal is not a scientific notion. For example, Skinner (1974) described a person with the following terms: stimulus, reaction, and reinforcement. Here the goal is not considered a psychological concept.

These ideal objects exist in the form of special knowledge about external objects — particularly as images, concept, mental plane, etc. Depending on the character of the objects transformed, the performed actions can be practical or external and mental or internal. Another important activity component is product. Product is a result of the transformation of an object of activity. Product may be material, spiritual, aesthetic, etc. Indeed, the subjects themselves may be the objects of change as a result of activity.

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