Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, by Richard M. Freeland

By Richard M. Freeland

This booklet examines the evolution of yankee universities through the years following global warfare II. Emphasizing the significance of swap on the campus point, the e-book combines a normal attention of nationwide traits with an in depth examine of 8 assorted universities in Massachusetts. The 8 are Harvard, M.I.T., Tufts, Brandeis, Boston college, Boston university, Northeastern and the collage of Massachusetts. extensive analytic chapters research significant advancements like enlargement, the increase of graduate schooling and examine, the professionalization of the college, and the decline of basic schooling. those chapters additionally evaluation criticisms of academia that arose within the overdue Nineteen Sixties and the destiny of assorted reform proposals in the course of the Seventies. extra chapters specialise in the 8 campuses to demonstrate the forces that drove other forms of institutions--research universities, college-centered universities, city deepest universities and public universities--in responding to the conditions of the postwar years.

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These attacks were buttressed by alarming references to an enrollment crisis. In 1870 President Barnard of Columbia asserted that the proportion of young men attending college had declined steadily between 1838 and 1869. The latter year, coinciding with Eliot's appointment, is often taken as the beginning of the "age of the university," during which many established colleges were transformed and a generation of institutions created. By 1909, when Eliot finally retired, complex universities—with their diverse curricula, their aggregations of graduate and professional schools, their large student bodies, and their professionalized faculties—had replaced traditional colleges as the nation's dominant form of academic organization.

T. , displayed much interest in coeducation—though females were eligible for admission to both, and a few actually attended. C. included only two women. Not until male enrollments were depleted by World War I did the state's agricultural college think seriously about educating women. The Jesuits at Boston College thought about such matters even less. 25 The impact of Progressivism on higher education occurred later than that of feminism, appearing in the final two decades of the nineteenth century and peaking between the Spanish-American War and World War I.

The diocesan hierarchy was helpful, and the Society of Jesus, by contributing most of the faculty, ensured the necessary instructional capability. C. the largest Jesuit college in the United Sates. Early in the twentieth century, an ambitious new rector and president, Father Thomas I. C. " In Gasson's view, two steps were essential: separation of the high school and college to bring the latter into conformity with accepted American practice; and the establishment of a proper campus. With the assistance of Archbishop William O'Connell, an alumnus, Gasson secured a magnificent site on a promontory in Chestnut Hill, just outside the city.

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