By American College of Sports Medicine
Built via the yank collage of activities medication, this article deals a entire creation to the fundamentals of power education and conditioning according to the newest learn findings. ACSM's Foundations of power education and Conditioning is split into 4 components: Foundations, Physiological Responses and variations, energy education and Conditioning application layout, and Assessment. The textual content makes a speciality of functional functions, allowing scholars to improve, enforce, and check the result of education courses which are designed to optimize power, energy, and athletic performance. Moreover, the text’s transparent, user-friendly writing type makes it effortless to understand new concepts.
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Extra info for ACSM's Foundations of Strength Training and Conditioning (American College of Sports Med)
A comparison of strength and power characteristics between power lifters, Olympic lifters, and sprinters. J Strength Cond Res. 1999;13:58–66. 15. National Strength and Conditioning Association. Strength and Conditioning Professional Standards and Guidelines. Colorado Springs (CO): NSCA; 2009. 16. Sale DG, MacDougall JD. Isokinetic strength in weight-trainers. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1984;53:128–132. 21 17. Sierer SP, Battaglini CL, Mihalik JP, Shields EW, Tomasini NT. The National Football League combine: performance differences between drafted and nondrafted players entering the 2004 and 2005 drafts.
Interestingly, an early study from Sale and MacDougall (16) showed that powerlifters and bodybuilders possessed similar maximal isokinetic strength for most single-joint exercises tested. Bodybuilders may score well on other single-joint exercises as some powerlifters either do not routinely perform them or do not emphasize them. Because of their training principles, bodybuilders tend to score very well on strengthendurance type of events or display a much lower fatigue rate than powerlifters during various lifting tasks with short rest intervals (12).
MOMENT ARMS AND TENDON INSERTION The location of a muscle’s tendon insertion into bone is another factor contributing to maximal strength expression. The distance from the joint center to the point of tendon insertion represents the moment arm of muscle force, or the effort arm. A tendon inserted slightly further away from the joint poses a mechanical advantage for force production whereas insertion closer to the joint is more advantageous for speed. An athlete with a longer force arm has the ability to lift more weight but at the expense of speed.