Advances in Personality Psychology: Volume II by Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson

By Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson

The moment quantity within the Advances in character Psychology sequence, this ebook provides an authoritative choice of works via top specialists within the box. It makes a speciality of 3 of the most important matters in character psychology: character, impact and arousal; character and intelligence; and character structure.

The first a part of the booklet seeks to examine cognitive biases depending on nervousness and the organic foundations of idea and motion. It additionally seems to be on the effect of temperamental qualities on response to annoying occasions. within the moment half, contributions think of the mutual kin among character and intelligence, the similarities and adjustments among character and intelligence, and the cognitive mechanisms of human intelligence and character. the ultimate half analyses character constitution throughout cultures and offers a version of character suitable to situational descriptions.

All the authors are skilled and well known specialists within the box of character psychology. the quantity comprises serious reports, bringing the reader updated with key matters, and distinctive information from modern empirical learn tasks, reflecting the variety and vigor of present paintings on character psychology.

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Activity has impact only on well-being, but not on distress. We hypothesized that the impact on well-being reflects the direct role of activity (positive one), whereas the relationship to distress comprises both mechanisms (regulation, which leads to overarousal and direct effect, which may weaken negative emotions) and both influences (positive and negative ones). It may be easily seen in the correlation between activity and stressors. Sobolewski, Strelau and Zawadzki (2001) showed that activity correlates with individual-dependent stressors such as challenges and negative events whereas this trait does not correlate with stressors that are not dependent on individuals.

1989) ‘Lactate infusion in panic disorder patients and normal controls: Autonomic measures and subjective anxiety’, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 79:32–40. Chapter 2 The functional significance of temperament empirically tested Data based on hypotheses derived from the regulative theory of temperament Jan Strelau and Bogdan Zawadzki This chapter presents the results of three studies aimed at examining the influence of two temperamental traits: emotional reactivity and activity in mental health, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and somatic diseases (lung cancer and myocardial infarction).

In a sample of college students who reported a wide range of trauma borderline personality, antisocial personality, sensation seeking and the three Eysenckian superfactors have been considered as predictors of PTSD and retraumatization. The results of this study show that trauma intensity and personality variables are significant predictors of PTSD, explaining over 40 per cent of the variance. , 2002) on temperament as related to stress phenomena, the following hypotheses have been formulated: PTSD is a function of the intensity of experienced trauma as measured by objective indicators.

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