By Karl Maramorosch, Thomas Mettenleiter
Released in view that 1953, Advances in Virus Research covers a various diversity of in-depth reports, offering a useful review of the present box of virology.
- Contributions from top authorities
- Informs and updates on the entire newest advancements within the field
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Released on the grounds that 1953, Advances in Virus learn covers a various variety of in-depth stories, delivering a priceless evaluate of the present box of virology. Contributions from top authoritiesInforms and updates on the entire newest advancements within the box
Extra info for Advances in Virus Research, Volume 92
In PM2 (circular supercoiled dsDNA genome), the protein capsid dissociates and the membrane is suggested to fuse with the host outer membrane. In PRD1, which has a linear dsDNA genome, the membrane is converted into a tail tube that has all the activities needed to penetrate the host cell envelope. ϕ6 (segmented dsRNA genome inside the NC), on the other hand, uses a unique mechanism where all three membranes (viral membrane, OM, and CM) are involved. All these viruses translocate their progeny virions into the host cell cytoplasm prior to lysis.
The majority of short-tailed spindle-shaped viruses infect hyperthermophilic crenarchaea and are classified into the viral family Fuselloviridae, whose type species is Sulfolobus 44 Nina S. Atanasova et al. Figure 6 Morphology and protein composition of spindle-shaped virus His1. (A) Transmission electron micrographs of purified His1 virions which have been negatively stained with uranyl acetate (upper panel) and ammonium molybdate (lower panel). Arrows indicate large-sized particles. Ammonium molybdate results in highly elongated particles.
2012). , 2012). Virion morphology was studied by cryoelectron microscopy and tomography revealing that all the viruses were roughly spherical and decorated with spikes having virion diameters from 40 to 70 nm (Fig. 4). Virion protein profiles of the new isolates were similar to the previously characterized ones, except that Halogeometricum pleomorphic virus 1 (HGPV-1) contained two membrane proteins and His2 contained two spike proteins. , 2012). The lipid composition of the seven pleomorphic viruses resembles that of their hosts indicating unselective lipid acquisition.