Agriculture and Public Goods: The Role of Collective Action by Francesco Vanni

By Francesco Vanni

The debate at the destiny orientation of the european universal Agricultural coverage (CAP) is more and more formed by means of the function of agriculture in supplying public items, and there's a extensive consensus that this process could be quite proper in legitimating the coverage intervention in agriculture within the future.

In the context of this debate, it's not transparent to what volume collective motion may be considered as a beneficial substitute to industry or nation legislation in contributing to the availability of public items, and to what volume it's attainable to layout and enforce agricultural guidelines that contain a collective and collaborative technique among various stakeholders in rural areas.

Through a detailed research case stories in Italy, the booklet offers insights to either the coverage and the theoretical debate at the position of collective motion for the general public items linked to agriculture.

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1266) these innovative institutional arrangements are processes of learning by doing from previous and ongoing experiences, and must be critically analyzed in order to derive recommendations for future practices. 4 The Role of Social Capital Many studies have pointed out the importance of social capital for collective action (Pretty 2003; Rudd 2000; Ostrom 2000). Social capital has been defined by Bourdieu (1986, p. 251) as ‘the sum of the resources, actual or virtual, that accrue to an individual or a group by virtue of possessing a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition’.

Indeed, the mission of AKS was mainly increasing the productivity of agriculture, usually relatively to a narrow range of crops. 5 A New Approach to Learning and Innovation 33 the related accompanying AKS: an increasing gap between private and public goals was observed with a consequent emergency of different scientific and technological paradigms (Brunori et al. 2011). For these reasons, during the 1990s and 2000s an alternative ‘human development’ approach on innovation was developed, which emphasizes the need for farmers to develop their own solutions to the problems, where the role of extensions is to facilitate interaction, learning and innovation rather than persuading farmers on the practices to be adopted.

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